The Slovenian anti–doping organization is an independent national anti–doping organization (NADO) established on 25th of September 2013 by the Olympic Committee of Slovenia – Association of Sport Federations. With the vision to protect fundamental rights of athletes to train and compete in doping–free environment, the organization’s programs are comprehensive, including in and out of competition, results management, therapeutic use exemption process, educational and outreach programs and all other activities that are defined by the UNESCO Convention against doping in sport.
A five members Management Board, composed of two representatives of national sport federations, representative of Foundation for financing sport organization, representative of Ministry for education, science and sport and representative of NOC of Slovenia’s Athletes Commission, governs SLOADO. The Director of SLOADO is a management body and implementation of the anti–doping program is under the supervision of the Expert Council. The educational coordinator is responsible for all educational, prevention and awareness–raising activities. Through an annual program of sport, SLOADO is funded by the Republic of Slovenia, Foundation for financing sport organizations and Olympic Committee of Slovenia – Association of sport federations. To a smaller extent, SLOADO obtains funds from other resources that are set out in the Organization establishment act.
RNADA aims to protect the clean athletes by preventing and deterring doping in sports. In this regard RNADA developed educational campaigns aimed at discouraging doping use among athletes by informing them of the side effects of the prohibited substances, health risks involved and even sanctions. They harmonised the national law with the World Anti Doping Agency's CODE and International Standard for Testing and Investigation. Testing is also a big part of their continuous effort to prevent and deter doping in sport. RNADA developed an e-learning website on which athletes, support personnel, parents and others can learn more about the doping control process, supplements, medication and prevention and that information can be found at www.anad.ro Furthermore, they actively participate in meetings of the Monitoring Group of the Anti-Doping of CoE and the Advisory Groups: Legal, Scientific, Education and Compliance and CAHAMA( Ad-Hoc Committee for the World Anti-Doping Agency), as well as in the reunions of the European Union Expert Group on Anti-Doping and the Ad-Hoc Expert Group on Doping in recreational Sports.
The Anti-Doping Agency of the Republic of Serbia (ADAS) was established by the Law on the Prevention of Doping in Sport from 2005, and its operation started on January 1, 2006. The essence of the fight against doping in Serbia is related to the adoption of the Law on the Prevention of Doping in Sports 2005 and 2014. Currently, ADAS has 58 doping control officers, including 9 Doping control officers for horses. Doping control officers of ADAS have been trained to do domestic, but also large international competitions. Since its founding, 8673 doping controls have been completed, 74 doping positive cases have been revealed in 31 national sports, while 15 doping positive cases have been found by international federations. In addition, 4 other anti-doping rule violations were recorded. From the establishment 245 TUE were approved, but it is even more important that the awareness of sports workers, especially team doctors, was gradually developed through education that ADAS conducts on average once a week. Additionally, ADAS contributes to the improvement of clean sport through scientific research and outreach initiatives focused on prevention. The Anti-Doping Agency of the Republic of Serbia has grown to become one of the most respected institutions in sports for over a decade and become not only a partner of sports organizations in the country, but also a large number of organizations in the world.
The “Nationale Anti-Doping Agentur GmbH” (NADA Austria) was established on 1st of July 2008 as a limited liability company with its head office in Vienna and is a non-profit, independent anti-doping organization. Currently there are 11 employees and 100 external personnel (80 doping control officers, 15 education-staff).
The Anti-Doping Federal Act passed on 29th of June 2007 (Anti-Doping-Bundesgesetz, Federal Law Gazette I no. 30/2007) established NADA Austria as an independent anti-doping organization mandated with antidoping-work in sport by means of doping control and prevention in accordance with international agreements.
The control functions include planning, conducting and monitoring doping control processes, instituting disciplinary actions, deciding on applications for therapeutic use exemptions (TUEs), and reporting on compliance with anti-doping rules. The field of prevention comprises providing information and education and raising awareness about doping in sport at the top and professional levels and in popular sport. Target groups of preventive measures include athletes as well as people in the athletes' environment, in particular coaches, support personnel, medical staff, pharmacists, officials, parents and educators.
NADA Austria's key mission is to combat doping in sports on every front by means of an efficient, state-of-the-art doping control system, as well as prevention through education, information and awareness-raising programs.
• is a service institution for clean sports in Austria;
• represents the World Anti-Doping Program based on the World Anti-Doping Code;
• stands for the true value of sport, the spirit of sport, ethics, fair play, honesty, health, character, teamwork, rules and laws, respect and the Olympic idea;
• brings about through its activities a change in public awareness leading to general disapproval of doping practices;
• regards doping as deceitful toward competitors in sport and as a severe hazard to athletes' health;
• stands for fair competitions for the future of our youth and our country;
• relies especially on young people's insight, so that fewer doping incidents will occur in the future;
• stands for the athletes' fundamental right to participate in doping-free sports, in accordance with the World Anti-Doping Code;
• is set up as an independent organization, free from any subjective influence.
The Austrian Anti-Doping Agency and other national Anti-Doping Agencies throughout europe as its partner organizations have the core competence in anti-doping work.
The ONAD de la Communauté française (NADO of the Belgium French Community) was created in 2003 and is competent on the territory of the French Community of Belgium (also called Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles). Its core mission is to allow the athletes to practice and compete in a healthy and ethical environment by preventing and detecting the use of prohibited substances or methods in sport on its territory, through two main areas:
Prevention and assistance:
Detection and investigation
Through all the various actions related to the doping control process, from their organization through targeted planning, to the management of results, to the monitoring of abnormal analysis results and sanctions; as well as the various legal steps necessary for the NADO's compliance with international rules and the general operation of operations.
The Tyrolean University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics, and Technology in Hall in Tyrol is an accredited university focusing on innovative and future-oriented topics, such as mechatronics, medical and bioinformatics, health sciences, nutrition sciences, psychology, nursing sciences, and other related subjects. With its different programs, the UMIT offers academic research and education at the highest level. In research, the various departments of the UMIT work together with local and national partners as well as with research institutions worldwide to ensure effective and efficient working cooperation. With its 1400 students, the learning environment at the UMIT is personal, which supports efficient progress and development in the individual competencies of the students.
The Institute of Sports Medicine, Alpine Medicine and Health Tourism (ISAG) in its current form was founded in 2003 (formerly the Institute for Vacation, Travel, and Mountain Medicine, IHM) at the UMIT in Hall in Tyrol. ISAG is run under the management of Univ. Prof. Dr. med. Wolfgang Schobersberger. In 2009, the former Institute for Sport and Cardiovascular Medicine at the Innsbruck University Hospital, which was founded in 1962 as one of the first specialized institutes in this field in Europe, and the IHM were merged to form the ISAG. The new ISAG has two branches, a clinical branch and a scientific branch. The scientific branch of the ISAG is situated at the UMIT and is the first university institution to focus on health tourism. In addition, the ISAG was one of the first Austrian research Institutes that focused on the social science perspective of doping prevention in adolescent sport. Initial studies evaluated the knowledge and attitudes of more than 1.000 sport school students aged 14-19 years, their parents, sports physicians and pharmacists. Findings of these studies supported NADA Austria in developind appropriate prevention material. Currently, the ISAG is scientifically evaluationg NADA Austria’s school-based intervention program – a project that is funded by WADA. Next to the ISAG, the Institute of Psychology will be involved in the proposed project. Given their expertise in developmental psychology, their support will especially be of value in developing child-oriented prevention material.
With a 190–year history of education, which began with the founding of the Leeds Mechanics Institute in 1824, Leeds Beckett University (or LBU) has nearly 3,000 staff and more than 28,000 students from almost 100 countries around the world. Comprising 14 Schools LBU is a higher education institution that provides access to education for a wide range of learners, promoting cultural awareness and diversity through our curriculum. The University is located on two main campuses; one in Leeds city centre and one in Headingley. Leeds Beckett provides a wide range of predominantly vocationally oriented higher education programmes to a body of students drawn from the UK, Europe and many other countries worldwide. It provides diverse undergraduate and postgraduate professional qualifying award programmes in cooperation with national statutory professional bodies and employers.
The Carnegie Physical Training College was founded in 1933. Now known as the Carnegie School of Sport of Leeds Beckett, it has built a strong tradition in the development of; physical education teachers; physical activity professionals, sports scientists and sports development professionals over the last 85 years. The School of Sport places students at the heart of every activity it undertakes and its academic expertise is highly valued by employers, professional bodies and other stakeholders. The School of Sport has an excellent reputation for research. Within the 2014 Research Excellence Framework, the School placed second in the UK for ‘research power’, which is a measure of research quality and volume of output. This was a move up from third in 2008 - with 59% of the research submitted being assessed as world-leading or internationally excellent. The submission included the work of 53 of our academics. The Carnegie School of Sport has a long track record delivering work for a diverse range of partners, including those that are relevant to this project (e.g., European Commission, World Anti-Doping Agency, International Olympic Committee). Our research in the field of doping prevention was initiated with the first systematic review of the social science of drugs in sport literature, funded by the World Anti–Doping Agency (WADA) and led by Prof Susan Backhouse. Published in 2007, the review concluded that “the evidence base undermines strategic planning and limits the capacity to target appropriate and efficacious education programmes to abate doping in sport”. In addressing this conclusion, an internationally renowned programme of research has since been initiated and is currently being undertaken by an established team of researchers at Leeds Beckett University. This work has positioned Leeds Beckett University as a global leader in the anti–doping field.
Within the last three years, Leeds Beckett has successful secured 23 European Grants; seven as the lead organisation. Within the School of Sport, five Erasmus+ bids have been successful; Leeds Beckett leading three of these projects. This demonstrates a critical mass of expertise within the School.